Integrative approach

Integrative approach

By taking in synergy the ethological approaches with those of neurosciences and human and social sciences, we can better inderstand the general question of the biological basis of behavior. This synergy allows to ask questions of fundamental interest as philosophical questions related to the place of the man in nature with regard to the animal, its responsability with regard to domestic animals, the foundation of the standard and societal rules.

The interdisciplinary  exchanges allow to confront the methodological approaches around the study of behavior. an another key point is the integrative dimension of the project which concern several biological levels and their interactions. The organism is located at the interface gene/environment. It is both the product and producer of this interface. such an approach concern:

  • The individual: his perceptual capacities, the central treatment of information, his cognitive skills (categorization , laterality) appropriate behavioral caracteristics (temperament) individual choice, difference in the apprehension of normative reflexion.
  • Ontogenesis:development of the language or vocal communication in a normal or pathological context), social and environemental influences cerebral plasticity, effects of emotional social sensorial stress on the brain fonction. Develpment of the normative thought and link with emotional development
  • The social interactions: communication rules, multimodality, attention, effects of sensory or social déficit, rule of implicit et explicit standard, habits
  • The social group: functioning, group structuration and determiners of the affinities, antagonisms, determiners of the attractivness, social identities (linguistic markers) the modelling of the functionning, the production and the évolution of the conventions/standards.
  • The social phenomenon: homology/analogy/convergence in the evolution man/animal

This work will be realized in animals (mammals, non human primate, birds, insect) and the mean) and human (from antenatal stage to the adulthood) allowing a comparative approach.